The Most Essential Components of a Research Paper


Everyone wants to have a perfect research paper. You need to research with a proper outlay. A research paper begins with a broad description of the research. As you advance into the paragraphs, it narrows down to more detailed information.

The layout of a Research Paper

The Introduction

The introduction contains a summary of the whole article. It sets the flow of the research paper. Others may opt to begin by writing the introduction. Others may choose to write it after finishing the whole article. The whole idea is to get the gist of the whole paper.

In your introduction, you should present the whole concept of your topic. Make the aim you want to achieve clarity. Then you finally express your points in your own opinion. Every paragraph should have a different point.

  • Presentation of your Introduction
    What do you plan to gain from your research? The research should be original. It should include discoveries on the topic. It is possible to have a more detailed work since not all researchers exploit all the sectors.

  • The goal of your Research Paper
    You should know the solution to the issue in question. So your goal should be clear all through your work.

  • The intention of the writer
    The main idea of the introduction is to inform the reader of the whole concept. The reader can have a conclusion from the introduction. He/she should not have to go through the whole research paper. The writer states the reasons behind the choice of topic. You have to state the importance of the research you are doing.


In this section, you highlight all the tools used to make your research a success. Different research topics have different methods of obtaining information. The procedure you use should have the same result when deployed by other researchers.

You should also be brief when laying out your points. It is better to only state the process you used but don’t dive deep into explaining your process.

The Result

The results you get may vary depending on the intention of the research. For a result of quantity, you can use numerical analysis. For qualitative analysis, you have to present your research but brief.

You can also present your results in the form of graphs and structured tables. You should include the data that form the table/graphs in the research paper. It guides the reader to the results shown in the graphs/tables. One should avoid repetition in their results. You should not write a personal opinion on the results in this section.


In this section, you write about the explanations for your results. Here, you can write personal thoughts and opinions. The discussion should associate with the introduction and the results. You should expound on your topic here. Don’t leave any detail of your data behind. Where you need to write further explanations, you can do that in the conclusion section.

The Conclusion

In conclusion, you relate all your findings to the work of other analysts. You have to prove the weight of your research to the known facts. The conclusion affirms the results of the topic citing facts. It also compares your research with previous works and viability.


When you’ve concluded research, you have to cite the origin of the information of your research. The format in writing the reference should be constant. It should either be Chicago MLA or APA. Sticking to one format makes it easier for any reader to pursue more information on the research.

Writing a research paper should be easy when you follow the instructions above. Ensure that your research paper is alluring to the reader.